Chawnghilh's Blog

Red Indian tawng thi thei lo # 6

Posted in Qualitus : Habitus by chawnghilh on January 22, 2010

 

RHODE ISLAND : Road Ai-lend i ti mai ang aw! Tùn hma lamah te kha chuan Narragansett-ho an lo khawsa tawh thìn a; tùnah erawh chuan he lai rama buh tîn li hmun emaw àwrh chauhva zauvah Narragansetts mi tlêm tè an inkhuar ta chauh.

Narragansett tih awmzia hi  “ram kilkhàwra mi chèngte” tihna a ni ber mai. Natick tih awmzia hi “tlângram hmun” tihna a ni. Pascoag hi “hmun inrì-na” tihna a ni. Pawtucket pawh “tuikhawhthla tè tham deuh deuh awmna” tihna a ni. Scituate awmzia pawh “luite tui vàwt-dai raih” tihna; Woonsocket hi “chhùm zìn chiai chiaina hmun” tihna a ni bawk e —an Meghalaya a nih ve ber chu!

SOUTH CAROLINA : South Khe-raw-lai-na i tihnèp mai teh ang! Tùn hma lamte kha chuan Cherokee, Yuchi, Catawba, Sewee, Cheraw, Shawnee leh Cusabo-hote an lo chèng tawhna thìn a. Cheraw hnam hi Mizo-te hnam làm chi khat Chêràw Kàn nèna ngaihfin chi ni lul lo se. Tùnlai chhanah erawh chuan Cataws-ho chu Rock Hill chhehvèla Reservation hmunah an chèng ta.

Savannah River hming hi Shawnee hnam hming atanga chhawm a ni a, a awmzia pawh “Chhimlam mi, chhim lama chèngte,” tihna a ni ve mai. Cheraw, Cherpkee Falls, Enoree leh Seneca tih aduang zawng zawngte hi an hnam hming chhawma phuah vek an lo ni hlawm. Cherokee tih hi Muskogee tawng a ni a, a awmzia chu “tawng chi hrang hrang hmangho” tihna a ni. Catawba tih hi Choctaw hnam tawng, “inthen darh” tihna a ni bawk e.

SOUTH DAKOTA :  I rilruah tùn hmâa rawsawt buhfai thlàk thìn thlawhtheihna hming kha emaw i ti ngei ang, i tidik thawkhat tho ve. Dakota tih thumal hi Sioux (shoo tia lamrìk)-ho tawng, a awmzia chu “tang tlâng ho, thawk tlâng” tihna ALLIES a ni e, AXIS i lovin! Tùn hma lamah te kha chuan Teton Dakota, Yankton Dakota leh Arikara te an lo chèn tawh thinna hmunhmâ a ni, an hnam hming an lo invuah dàn kalhmang han chhui zau hret ta ila, “ki (horn)” tihna an lo ni tlângpui hlawm a, hèng hnamte hian an sam hi an khuih zum pìr chho va—bawng ki, se ki ang maiin an lu chhìpa ki pahnih anga langa an khuih pir thin vàng a ni. Tùnah chuan Dakotas-ho chu Reservation lianpui pui awmna hmuna chèng an ni ta, an Reservation pakhat erawh chu Blackfeet an tih hnamte’n an luah ve thung.

Sioux tih thumal hi Chippewa hnam tawng atanga phuah a ni a, a awmzia chu “hmêlmà” tihna a ni. Sisseton an tih bìk —Dakota hnam engemaw zàt zînga mite hming awmzia hi “khaw tui-dùl, dùm hmuna khua” tihna  a ni bawk. Huron tih hi French tawng atanga phuah—Great Lakes hnam chi khat a ni a, a awmzia ni ta bera lang chu “sanghal/ram vawk” tihna a ni e.

TENNESSEE : Old Cherokee an tih bìkte chenna hmunhmâ bìk thìn kha Tennessee hi a ni. Tùn hmâ khân Mound Builder, Tennessee, Cherokee leh Chickasaw-hote an chèng tawh thìn. Tùnah chuan, awm an awm tawh lo!

Tullahoma awmzia hi “khaw hahchàwl” tihna a ni a, Etowah hi Old Cherokee-te chènna khaw hming ni thìn a ni. Etowah awmze meaning hi theihnghilh hmin thàk a nih tawh avàngin, a awmze dang Cherokee thumal an la vawn nun chu Chattanooga an ti. A awmzia eng tak chu ni ang maw? An sawi fiah chuang tawh si lo va, ka hriat phàk bàk a ni ta!

TEXAS :  He Indian thumal Texas awmzia hi “inthianna (friendship)” tihna a ni daih asin! A khum parh nazah zawng “Are you from Texas?” an inti ve ringawt nèn hi chuan inhlat tham tawh tak a ni!

Tùn hma lamah te kha chuan Mound Builder, Caddo, Comanche, Kiowa, Tonkawa, Attacapa, Karankawa, Coahuiltec-te an lo khawsa tawh thìn a. Tùn dinhmunah tak hi chuan Alabamas leh Coushattas hnam tlêmtè an la khawsa ve tàwk tàwk a ni ta ber e.

Cisco tih awmzia hi “sangha thau mawm (oily trout)” tihna a ni. Pecos an tihte hi Spanish-hovin an lo phuah a ni ve lehchhàwng a, Red Indian beràmpute kha pecos tiin an lo vuah vàng mai a ni. Waco tih hming hi Caddo hnam chi khat hming atanga chhawm a ni. Waxahachie tih awmzia hi “bàwngpui awmna khua (cow town)” tihna ve lekfàng mai zu nia!

UTAH : Iu-tah … tiin lam ri ta mai ila —Ute Indians an tih hote chènna hmunhmâ a nih vànga UTAH tih hming chhawm ta mai hi a ni. Tùn hma lamte kha chuan Basket Maker, Cliff Dweller, Ute, Paiute, Goshute, Shoshone leh Navaho te an awm thìn. Tùnah chuan Utes leh Navahos sàng têl tehmeuh an la khawsa a; Paiutes, Goshutes leh Shoshones-hote chu Reservation-ah tlêm tè tèin an khawsa tawh rih!

Uintah an tih chhèn awmzia hi “fâr kùng hmun (pine land)” an tihna a ni. Kanab an tih chuan “tuipui-sùt-hlah” an tihna a ni mai a —Synod Hospital Dùrtlâng awmna tlâng chhìpa willow leh Sam 137-na te pawh min tihrechhuak phàk rum rum e.

VERMONT : Penacook, Mohican (misual.com-a Sandman emaw ti lul lo ila) leh hnam thenkhatten helai hmun hi sa pelh nâna an lo hman thìn, an buannêl ram dai a ni thìn, chènna hmun hlun atân erawh chuan a eng hnamte mahin an hmang ngai lo ni àwm a ni. Tùn dinhmunah pawh —eng hnam mah an khawsa bawk hek lo.

Winooski an tih awmzia hi “lui mawi tak” tihna a ni a. Missisquoi awmzia pawh “lui lian” tihna a ni. Passumpsic tih awmzia pawh “tui fîm lutuk tak mai” an tihna a ni e. Zo-tui-thiang an ti vena a nih hlawm ber àwm hi maw!

VIRGINIA : Powhatan, Tuscarora, Tutelo, Monacan, Cherokee hnamte’n khawhar lo taka tual an lo chaina thin a ni. Tùnah erawh chuan helai hmuna chèng chhunte chu Powhatans thlah kalzèl mi tlêm tè, Chickahominies mi thenkhat leh Mattaponis leh Pamunkeys-hote an ni ta chauh!

Roanoke River hian a hminga a neih chhan ber nia lang ta chu pawisa ang thàwthânga an lo hman thin tuikep chi khat hmingchawia he lui hian a hming chhawm ta hi a ni. Onancock awmzia hi “tiau chhùmin a bawh ram” tihna a ni. Shenandoah pawh “lui luang fel, luang uluk tak,” tihna mai zawng a ni. Hla mawi takin John Denver-a pawhin a phuah tel hial kha le! Rappahannock pawh “lui tui lian leh thut thìn” tihna  a ni e. Quantico awmzia hi “làmna hmun” tihna a ni leh a. Nottoway awmzia pawh “hmêlmà” tihna a ni. Rapidan Lui pawh hi Indians-ho tawng atanga a hming neiah i ngai mai thei; a nihna takah erawh chuan English Queen Anne-i chawngchawia phuah a ni daih thung a. “Anne Suar (rapid Anne)” an lo ti fo tawh thìn asin! Appomattox tih awmzia pawh hi “vaihlo kùng awmna ram” tihna a ni.

WASHINGTON :  He Washington State leh Washington DC hi an inhlat khawp mai—Washington hi USA hmàr-khawthlang tàwpah a awm a; Washington DC hi a hmàr-khawchhak tàwpah a awm thung! Hre hrang chiang mawlh ang che.

Tùn hmâte kha chuan Makah, Quinault, Chehalis, Chinook, Kwallioqua, Twana, Nisqualli, Columbia, Yakima, Coeur d’Alene, Palus-te an chèng thìn. Tùnah erawh—hèng hnam zînga an thlah bângnawi, tlêm tè den denten Reservation an luah ve chang chang ta a ni ber e. Hèng hnamho zîngah chuan Salish-ho an la buk ber mai thei. Snohomish, Clallam, Lummi, Swinomish leh Puyallup-te an ni ta deuh ber mai!

Chehalis an tih awmzia hi “thliarkâra chèngho” tihna a ni. Chelan awmzia hi “tui thùk tak” tihna a ni bawk. Hoquiam hi lui a ni a, “thinga riltâm huam huam (hungry for wood)” a nih thu an sawi thìn a; chutiang takin a kam vèl leh a lui hnârah thing zâr leh a tang tinrêng a inchhèkkhàwm hnekhnuk thìn reng a ni an ti. Walla Walla an tih awmzia hi “lui suar bir bùng tak tak” an sawina a ni a—Nez Percè an tih hote tawng a ni bawk. Yakima awmzia hi “savawm dum” tihna a ni. Tacoma/Takoma pawh “tlâng” tihna. Seattle han tih hian Bruce Lee-a thlàn awmna khua a nih thu i hrechhuak thuai ang; mahse, a khaw hming hi an Indian Lal hmingchawia sak a ni thung e. Spokane pawh Indian hnam chi khat hming a ni a, a awmzia chu “ni fate (children of the sun)” an intihna a ni.

WEST VIRGINIA : Mound Builder an tihte khawsakna thin chu a lo ni tawh. West Virginia chiah hi mi ngote an rawn luh hun laia Indian hnam rèng rèng an awm lohna hmun a ni teh tlat zu nia! Tùnah pawh hian Indians chèng an awm miah lo.

Moundsville hi Mound Builder Indians an tih hoten lei chhùn-vùm lian tham tak sùlhnu an neih a ni. Red Jacket pawh hi Seneca hnama an lalber hmingthang tak hriat reng nâna a hmingchawia phuah a ni. Kanawha River pawh hi an hnam chi khat hming chhàwma phuah a ni bawk. Buckhannon awmzia hi “leirawhchan lui” an tihna a ni a, a kam vèlah leirawhchan an siam thìn a lo ni mah nà! Khaw tam tak hmingte hi Indian hnam hmingchawia phuah an ni nual!

WISCONSIN : Winsconsin tih thumal hi Sauk tawng a ni a—Mizoten kan kan hriatthiam dan tùr angin Tlàkawrh sava chuan kopangah bu an chheh theih nân kua an nei fer fur thìn, chutiang bawkin, sava thenkhatten lui kam khampàngah bu an chhehna tùrin pùk titih leh kua a tam khawp mai a, chùng pùk leh kua awm chek chukte chu Sauk hovin winsconsin an ti ve mai thìn a ni. 

Tùn hmâte kha chuan Mound Builder, Winnebago, Kickapoo, Sauk-Fox, Chippewa leh Sioux-ho an lo khawsa tawh thìn a; tùnah hi chuan Menominees, Oneidas, Winnebagos, Stockbridges, Munsees leh Chippewas-te Reservation-ah an khawsa tawh thung.

Algoma awmzia hi “Algonquin tui,” an tihna a ni. Antigo pawh “englai pawha hring hlap” tihna a ni. Kaukauna awmzia chu “lawng-bungraw thiarchhuahna hmun” an tihna a ni. Kewaunee awmzia hi “ram varak” tihna a ni thung. Manitowoc hi “thlarau chènna hmun,” an tihna a ni. Menasha pawh “thliarkâr” an tihna a ni. Mosinee awmzia chu “sazuk (moose)” an tihna. Oconomowoc pawh “beaver” an tihna a ni mai, Mizo tawngin beaver tihna ka hre lo! Oconto chu “pickerel (nghate ruh ngah) tamna hmun” an tihna a ni bawk! Ogema chu “lungngaihna namai lo,” tihna  a ni leh a, Peshtigo chu “ram vatâwk tlatna lui,” an tihna a ni. Sauk City pawh an hnam hmingchawia phuah a ni. Pewaukee awmzia chu “tuikep tamna dìl” tihna a ni bawk. Sheboyan awmzia hi “Lake Superior chhehvèl atanga thàwm ring tak rawn chhuak kan lo ngaithlàkna hmun” an tihna ni àwm takin an sawi. Wabeno awmzia hi “khawchhak lama chèng hote” an tihna a ni. Wauwatosa awmzia pawh hi “dùmdê” an tih vena a ni e.

WYOMING : Delaware-ho tawng a nih thu kan ziah daih tawh kha … in la chhinchhiah chiang em? Wyoming awmzia chu “phaizâwl zau tak” tihna a ni. Tùn hmâ chuan Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Crow leh Shoshone-ho khawsàkna ram a lo ni tawh a; tùnah erawh chuan Wind River Reservation-ah Arapahoes leh Shoshones-ho an khawsa zui ta chauh.

Cheyenne tih thumal hi Sioux tawng, “ramdangmite” an tihna a ni. Teton an tih awmzia hi “prairie-a chèng,” tihna a ni bawk a. Gros Ventre an tih awmzia pawh “dul kiar lèn lùn ho” tihna a ni. Teton Mountains an tih pawh an hnam hmingchawia phuah a ni ve mai e. Absaroka Mountains pawh Crow Indians-hovin anmahni an inkohna hmingchawia phuah a ni zui ta bawk a. Crow pawh hi “choàk” an intihna a ni ve thova ngaih a ni. Niobrara awmzia hi “lui tui luang ri hawr hawr” tihna  a ni bawk e. Uinta County an tih pawh hi Ute hnam hmingchawia phuah, “fâr (pine) kùng awmna ram” tihna a ni. 

Red Indian tawng engemaw zàt lai kan rawn tàrlan hi USA-a khaw hming, hmun hming, lui hming etc-a hman an ni hlawm a. I kal ve huna tùnhmâa mi chèng hmasate sùlhnu i chhui ran thiam theih zung zung nâna rawn târlang ve mai mai ka ni e. Vaivakàwn, Rangvamual leh Thingthelh khuaa awmte tân phei chuan han tuipui vak tùrah pawh ka ngai chuang lo! Nongrim leh Nongthymai han tih ngawt pawhin a awmze hrethiam tân chuan Nongrim chu Venghlui tihna a ni a, Nongthymai chu Vengthar tihna a ni a —thil hriatthiam a sam uar uar thei tho alàwm, Madanritting pawh Thênkung awmna Mual tihna a ni ve leh mai ang khân!

Chawnghilh’s Weblog i rawn tlawh ve thin avàngin ka làwm e.

 

WELCOME!   

Lèn luhna thlàkhlelhawmte   

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